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Smersh: Stalin's Secret Weapon - AbeBooks - Vadim Birstein:
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There are 1 items available. Please enter a number less than or equal to 1. Select a valid country. The same year my grandfather, along with many agricultural scientists, was arrested. After spending three years in labor camps, he was not allowed to live in big cities. August — early Along with the other professors and teachers, as well as students of Moscow State University, J. Birstein and his family were evacuated to the city of Ashgabat Turkmenistan, Central Asia , and later, to the city of Sverdlovsk currently, Yekaterinburg.
Smersh: Stalin's Secret Weapon
The family of the third brother of my grandmother, Pavel, a graduate from the Law Department of Kiev University, who during the Russian Civil War emigrated to Paris with his family, apparently, perished even earlier, since there was information about them after the Nazis occupied France in February My mother, N.
Luppo, was drafted into the Red Army as a doctor and sent to a front-line military hospital. Meer Birstein, was executed by the Nazis. He refused to be evacuated before the German occupation and stayed with his patients. Abram Bruck died in the city of Saratov, where his Trachoma Institute was evacuated. In — , J. The goal of the expedition was to investigate the caves in the Caucasus Mountains for possible military use.
Since this was a military expedition, its reports were classified.
This was the first text book on biogeography in Russian. The book remains an important source on biogeography. Each chapter had an epigraph taken from verses of Russian poets. Academician Ivan Schmalhausen, the famous evolutionist, was one of three official opponents.
ratisinlong.gq The dissertation included studies of the faunas of the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus caves and other basins, including Lake Baikal. Relicts are members of ancient faunas and floras that have remained almost unchanged from previous geological epochs and that are characterized by a slow evolutionary rate.
They belong to previously more numerous systematic groups, inhabit a restricted area or areas which is part of a previously larger area, and are adapted to the particular, mostly specific environmental conditions that have changed little since their systematic units were formed. At the time, it had been proven that the introduction of Neries in the Caspian Sea was successful, and sturgeons had started feeding on these worms. The participants in this project, including J. Birstein and the head of the project, L.
Zenkevich, were nominated for the Stalin Prize—the most prestigious annual government award; Stalin personally used to choose the recipients among the nominees. This was the beginning of a long war of the participants in the project with the Lysenkoist Lebedev. In , the project participants published the book Acclimatization of Nereis in the Caspian Sea , and the next year they were nominated for the Stalin Prize for the second time. However, the war with Lebedev continued. An important point in the eyes of the Party officials was that no member of the project was a Party member, while Lebedev was.
Finally, in it was proven that Lebedev falsified his analysis of the field research to demonstrate that the introduction of Nereis was supposedly harmful for sturgeons. Birstein denied his request to be included in the group of nominees for the Stalin Prize since Lebedev had never participated in the project. September The new Lysenkoist administration of the Biological Faculty decided to fire J. Birstein due to his anti-Lysenko stand. After L. Zenkevich wrote a letter to the rector of the University, Academician Aleksandr Nesmeyanov, defending J.
Birstein, my father was not fired, but transferred to the position of a part-time senior lecturer at the department of education by mail. October For the next five years this institute was the main place of work of my father. He travelled to Yaroslavl by train approximately once in every two weeks and stayed there for a few days during which he lectured and taught post graduate students.
His lectures were so popular that not only biologists, but also students from other departments and many teachers attended them. He continued to lecture at the Yaroslavl institute until This was the beginning of long-term studies of the deep-sea fauna of trenches that J. Birstein and L. Zenkevich continued until they both died in Late November Numerous publications on the deep-sea and subterranean faunas and fossil crustaceans. These were the years of formulation by my father of principles of zonal faunas in the oceanic trenches together with Zenkevich, Belyaev, and other colleagues , of the antiquity of the deep-sea fauna together with Zenkevich , of the general trends in the deep-sea fauna evolution, and of the zoogeographic distribution of the subterranean fauna together with Stanislav Ljovuschkin.
Father was in correspondence with the American researcher Robert J. Menzies Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, La Jolla, California , exchanging opinions on the problem of the ancient origin of the deep-sea fauna, with Dr. Thomas E. Bowman Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. Although he was already on the plane that was scheduled to go to London from Moscow, J. Birstein was replaced at the last minute by an unknown young zoologist Vladimir Sokolov, who had high Party connections.
At the same time, in s — s, J. Birstein spent a lot of time teaching students and graduate students at Moscow University. Professor Aleksei Ghilarov — of Moscow University recalled in in his memoirs:. Yakov Avadievich Birstein gave a course of lectures on zoogeography.
He wore a snow-white robe during that time, lecturers wore robes , was well-proportioned, with finely-molded face features. They existed only in his head and, apparently, in the numerous articles and books he had read in various languages. We, students of the fifth year, understood this well and tried not to miss even one of his words. Some students tried to write down everything he said, the others simply listened attentively. But there was no indifferent listener in the audience because everything that Birstein said was extremely interesting.
Birstein summarized his biogeographic analysis of the subterranean fauna in the caves on the USSR territory. Racovitz , Bucarest , pp.